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Sending Timorese youth overseas: Finding employment or achieving development objectives?

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Historically, sending young Timorese overseas is not new for Timor Leste and the Timorese people. Even some of our founding fathers and the current leaders of this nation went overseas for study or for work during Portuguese and Indonesian times, traveling to Portugal, Mozambique, Indonesia, and Australia. This continues even until today. Since our independence in 2002 many Timorese have travelled overseas, some for studies under development partner and government scholarships, and some for work, posts in embassies and consuls in countries throughout the world. Many thousands have accessed Portuguese passports, to find shelter and employment in the United Kingdom and other European countries. Timorese moving to and working in another country is not a new thing.                  Source: Timor News, (6/12/2021) This short article aims to explore an important question: does Timorese youth going overseas simply achieve a short-term goal of finding, jobs or does it also help Timor Leste to

Haruka foin-sa'e Timor-oan sira ba rai seluk: Buka servisu ka atinji objetivu dezenvolvimentu nian?

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Istorikamente, haruka foin-sa'e Timoroan sira ba rai liur la'ós ona kontextu foun ba Timor-Leste no povu Timor rasik. Ita-nia aman fundadór balun no lider sira husi nasaun ne'e, barak maka ba hala’o estudu no hala’o servisu iha rai-li'ur durante tempu kolonializasaun Portuges no invazaun Indonezia nian, hodi halo viajen ba Portugal, Mosambike, Indonezia no  Australia. Kontextu refere nafatin kontinua to'o ohin loron. Hahu kedas husi ita-nia independénsia iha tinan 2002, Timor-oan barak mak halo viajen ba rai-li'ur, balun ba hala’o estudu liu husi apoiu parseiru dezenvolvimentu sira nian no bolsa estudu governu nian, no barak mos maka ba tamba razaun servisu, postu iha embaixada no konsul iha nasaun sira iha mundu tomak. Ema rihun ba rihun maka asesu ona pasaporte portugés, hodi hetan hela-fatin no servisu iha Reinu Unidu no nasaun Europeia sira seluk. Timor-oan sira ne'ebé muda ba no servisu iha rai seluk la'ós ona nu’udár asuntu foun ida.              

Modernising Agriculture

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Modernizasaun Agrikultura

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Foin dadauk Ekipa husi Universidade Monash lansa sira nia relatoriu konaba moderniza agrikultura -ita bele hetan nia kopia iha monashintimor.org/publications. Ami sei hakerek diariu balu hodi explora idea balu iha relatoriu ne’e. ba dahuluk ida ne’e sei fornese informasaun jeral konaba temas prinsipal. Diariu sira tuir mai sei koalia detallus liu konaba rekomendasaun asaun espesifiku sira. Favor aproveita.  Agrikultura nia importante!  Maioria Timor oan sira ne’ebe ho idade adultu, servisu iha toos hanesan sira nia atividade prinsipal loro-loron no sai rekursu vida-moris ba sira nia familia (Sensus, 2015).  Investe iha agrikultura ida importante tebes ba ekonomia ne’ebe benefisia ba populasaun barak. Iha faktus balu ne’ebe ilustra iha ne’e mak:  Liu husi 200,000 servisu-nain ho idade adultu (60%) depende ba agrikultura hanesan sira nia atividade ekonomia prinsipal, maioria husi sira ne’e sei aplika Sistema agrikultura tradisional.  Besik 30,000 joven sira remata sira nia edukasaun kada

Youth in Agriculture

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There is great potential for employment growth in the agricultural sector.  But, we face a big problem: How to make agriculture attractive to young people.   Evidence suggests that most young people are not attracted to agriculture and to the rural areas.  A farmer has to work hard, and in almost every case, settle for very low incomes, living in poor conditions with little infrastructure and little prospect of improving their livelihoods.  The anecdotal evidence suggests that most young people do not find this lifestyle attractive, and leave in search of something different.  The graph below shows how sizeable this phenomenon is of young people abandoning opportunities in the agriculture sector.   Source: Census 2015.  These are smoothed ratios standardised for each age.   This graph shows (smoothed) ratios of the number of residents in Dili compared to other municipalities. If the age distribution was the same in both groups, the li

Juventude iha Agrikultura

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Iha potensia boot ba kresimentu empregu iha setór agrikultura.  Maibé, ita hasoru dezafiu boot ida:   Oinsá atu halo agrikultura atrativu ba foinsa’e sira.  Evidensia hatudu katak joven barak mak laiha interese ba agrikultura no ba area rurál sira.  Agrikultór ida tenke servisu maka’as, no iha kuaze kazu hotu, moris ho rendimentu ne’ebé kiik, hela iha kondisaun ne’ebé ladiak ho infra-estrutura ne’ebé mínimu no iha prospetu kiik tebes atu hadia sira-nia moris. Evidénsia anedótika hatudu katak joven barak mak la haree katak istilu moris ida hanesan ne’e atrativu ba sira, no abandona area ne’e hodi buka fali buat seluk ida.  Gráfiku iha okos ne’e hatudu oinsá fenómena boot hosi foinsa’e sira abandona oportunidade iha setór agrikultura.                                                                                       Fontes: Sensus 2015.  Iha leten ne’e mak razão suavizada estandarizadu ida ba kada idade. Gráfika ne’e hatudu razaun / ratio (suavizada) hosi númeru rezidente sir

The Youth Bulge in Timor-Leste

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Some interesting facts to get your attention.  According to the most recent National Census data: ·         37% of the working-age population of Timor-Leste is aged between 15 & 24.  This percentage is among the highest in the world. ·         Every year around 30,000 young people complete their education, with most of these looking to enter the workforce in some form. ·         The vast majority of these young people do not end up in formal employment - some will become fulltime parents or carers, many will work in rural areas on the family land, others will find other forms of informal employment, and some will spend a long time looking for work with no success.  There is a big challenge of unemployment and underemployment amongst youth and young adults in Timor-Leste. ·         Our best estimate is that the unemployment rate among 15-24 years old looking for work is around 33% - one person in 3 in that age group cannot find work of any form.  Earlier in 2021, the Monas