Posts

Dezenvolvimentu Ekonómiku: Dezafiu no Oportunidade ba Juventude iha Timor-Leste.

Image
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Fonte: Oxfam in Asia, Junu, 2020 Dezenvolvimentu ekonómiku juventude nian importante tebes ba populasaun juventude sira iha mundu, inklui Timor-Leste.  Setor ekonómiku nafatin sai nu’udár preokupasaun públiku ba dékada rua hafoin nasaun ne'e alkansa nia independénsia.  Maske nunee, sei nafatin laiha balansu iha asesu ba oportunidade empregu no dezenvolvimentu ekonómiku juventude nian.   Dezenvolvimentu ekonomia juventude iha Timor-Leste seidauk iha klareza lolós, no seidauk hala'o estudu viabilidade ida kona-ba oinsá atu kria empregu ba juventude sira. Maske Estadu iha vizaun luan atu estabelese mega-projetu sira ho despeza orsamentu nasionál ne'ebé aas hodi kria empregu, planu ne'e la realistiku hodi fó benefísiu ba foin-sa'e sira. Alokasaun orsamentu Est

Economic Development: Challenges and Opportunities for Youth in Timor-Leste

Image
                                                                                        Source: Oxfam in Asia, June 2020 Youth economic development is critical for the world's youth population, including Timor-Leste. The economic sector remains a public concern for two decades after the country's independence. However, despite this, there is still a significant disparity in access to employment opportunities and youth economic development. The development of the youth economy in Timor-Leste is unclear, and a feasibility study has not been carried out on how to create employment for young people. Although the state has a broad vision to establish mega-projects with high-cost national budget expenditures to create jobs, this plan was not realistic in providing benefit to youth. The state budget allocation without any plans to create jobs based on the National Strategic Development Plan (NSDP) has actually led to job losses. The majority of Timorese youth do not have access to

Sending Timorese youth overseas: Finding employment or achieving development objectives?

Image
Historically, sending young Timorese overseas is not new for Timor Leste and the Timorese people. Even some of our founding fathers and the current leaders of this nation went overseas for study or for work during Portuguese and Indonesian times, traveling to Portugal, Mozambique, Indonesia, and Australia. This continues even until today. Since our independence in 2002 many Timorese have travelled overseas, some for studies under development partner and government scholarships, and some for work, posts in embassies and consuls in countries throughout the world. Many thousands have accessed Portuguese passports, to find shelter and employment in the United Kingdom and other European countries. Timorese moving to and working in another country is not a new thing.                  Source: Timor News, (6/12/2021) This short article aims to explore an important question: does Timorese youth going overseas simply achieve a short-term goal of finding, jobs or does it also help Timor Leste to

Haruka foin-sa'e Timor-oan sira ba rai seluk: Buka servisu ka atinji objetivu dezenvolvimentu nian?

Image
Istorikamente, haruka foin-sa'e Timoroan sira ba rai liur la'ós ona kontextu foun ba Timor-Leste no povu Timor rasik. Ita-nia aman fundadór balun no lider sira husi nasaun ne'e, barak maka ba hala’o estudu no hala’o servisu iha rai-li'ur durante tempu kolonializasaun Portuges no invazaun Indonezia nian, hodi halo viajen ba Portugal, Mosambike, Indonezia no  Australia. Kontextu refere nafatin kontinua to'o ohin loron. Hahu kedas husi ita-nia independénsia iha tinan 2002, Timor-oan barak mak halo viajen ba rai-li'ur, balun ba hala’o estudu liu husi apoiu parseiru dezenvolvimentu sira nian no bolsa estudu governu nian, no barak mos maka ba tamba razaun servisu, postu iha embaixada no konsul iha nasaun sira iha mundu tomak. Ema rihun ba rihun maka asesu ona pasaporte portugés, hodi hetan hela-fatin no servisu iha Reinu Unidu no nasaun Europeia sira seluk. Timor-oan sira ne'ebé muda ba no servisu iha rai seluk la'ós ona nu’udár asuntu foun ida.              

Modernising Agriculture

Image

Modernizasaun Agrikultura

Image
Foin dadauk Ekipa husi Universidade Monash lansa sira nia relatoriu konaba moderniza agrikultura -ita bele hetan nia kopia iha monashintimor.org/publications. Ami sei hakerek diariu balu hodi explora idea balu iha relatoriu ne’e. ba dahuluk ida ne’e sei fornese informasaun jeral konaba temas prinsipal. Diariu sira tuir mai sei koalia detallus liu konaba rekomendasaun asaun espesifiku sira. Favor aproveita.  Agrikultura nia importante!  Maioria Timor oan sira ne’ebe ho idade adultu, servisu iha toos hanesan sira nia atividade prinsipal loro-loron no sai rekursu vida-moris ba sira nia familia (Sensus, 2015).  Investe iha agrikultura ida importante tebes ba ekonomia ne’ebe benefisia ba populasaun barak. Iha faktus balu ne’ebe ilustra iha ne’e mak:  Liu husi 200,000 servisu-nain ho idade adultu (60%) depende ba agrikultura hanesan sira nia atividade ekonomia prinsipal, maioria husi sira ne’e sei aplika Sistema agrikultura tradisional.  Besik 30,000 joven sira remata sira nia edukasaun kada

Youth in Agriculture

Image
There is great potential for employment growth in the agricultural sector.  But, we face a big problem: How to make agriculture attractive to young people.   Evidence suggests that most young people are not attracted to agriculture and to the rural areas.  A farmer has to work hard, and in almost every case, settle for very low incomes, living in poor conditions with little infrastructure and little prospect of improving their livelihoods.  The anecdotal evidence suggests that most young people do not find this lifestyle attractive, and leave in search of something different.  The graph below shows how sizeable this phenomenon is of young people abandoning opportunities in the agriculture sector.   Source: Census 2015.  These are smoothed ratios standardised for each age.   This graph shows (smoothed) ratios of the number of residents in Dili compared to other municipalities. If the age distribution was the same in both groups, the li